تاثیر چای ورمی کمپوست بر صفات مورفو فیزیولوژیک، عملکرد و کیفیت ریشه چغندرقند (Beta vulgaris L.) تحت شرایط کمبود آب

نوع مقاله : کامل علمی - پژوهشی


1 دانشگاه شهرکرد

2 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه شهرکرد- دانشکده کشاورزی-


به منظور بررسی تأثیر چای ورمی کمپوست در کاهش اثرات تنش و بهبود عملکرد چغندرقند، آزمایشی به صورت کرت­های یک بار خرد شده در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعه دانشگاه شهرکرد و منطقه شلمزار استان چهارمحال بختیاری در فصل زراعی 1394 اجرا شد. کرتهای اصلی شامل سه سطح آبیاری تأمین 100، 75 و 50 درصد نیاز آبی گیاه و کرتهای فرعی شامل سه سطح محلول­پاشی: چای ورمی کمپوست به میزان 27 و 54 لیتر در هکتار و محلول­پاشی با آب مقطر (شاهد) بودند. نتایج نشان داد محلول­پاشی چای ورمی کمپوست باعث افزایش شاخص پایداری غشا، میزان سبزینگی، شاخص سطح برگ، تعداد برگ در بوته، قطر ریشه، وزن خشک اندام هوایی و ریشه، شکر قابل استحصال، عملکرد ریشه و عملکرد قند و کم آبیاری باعث کاهش این صفات به استثنای شکر قابل استحصال گردید. مقایسه میانگین برهمکنش تیمارهای آبیاری و محلول­پاشی چای ورمی کمپوست نشان داد که بیشترین شاخص پایداری غشا، میزان سبزینگی برگ، قطر ریشه و عملکرد ریشه با محلول­پاشی 54 لیتر چای ورمی کمپوست در هکتار در تأمین 100 درصد نیاز آبی گیاه به دست آمد. در بین صفات، شاخص پایداری غشا، میزان سبزینگی، تعداد برگ، شاخص سطح برگ و قطر ریشه همبستگی بالایی با وزن خشک ریشه نشان داد. تأثیر مثبت چای ورمی کمپوست با تحریک رشد موجب کاهش اثرات منفی کمبود آب بر گیاه چغندرقند شد.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of vermicompost tea application on morpho-physiological characteristics, yield and quality of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) under water stress condition

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamideh Ghafari 1
  • Mahmoud Reza Tadayon 2
1 Shahrekord University
2 Faculty member of Shahrekord University
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effect of vermicompost tea application on of the reduction of stress effect and improving sugar beet performance, a field experiment was conducted in split plot arrangement based on randomized complete block design with three replications at two regions including Shahrekord University and Shalamzar in 2015. Main plots consisted of three irrigation levels including 100%, 75% and 50% irrigation based on plant’s water requirement and sub-plots were allocated to three soluble including 27 and 54 lit ha-1 vermicompost tea application and sprayed with water (control). Result showed that foliar application of vermicompost tea increased membrane stability index, SPAD value, leaf area index, leaf number, root diameter, shoot and root dry weight, white sugar content, root yield and sugar yield. Water stress decreased all the above mentioned traits except white sugar content. Interaction between irrigation treatment and vermicompost tea application showed that the highest membrane stability index, SPAD value, root diameter, and root yield was achieved with 54 lit ha-1 vermicompost tea application × 100% irrigation based on plant’s water requirement. High correlation was observed between membrane stability index, SPAD value, leaf area index, leaf number, and root diameter with root dry weight.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Foliar application
  • leaf area index
  • Shoot and root dry weight
  • White sugar content
Abd El-Kader A, Shaaban SM, Abd El-Fattah MS. Effect of irrigation levels and organic compost on okra plants (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) grown in sandy calcareous soil. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North American 2010; 1(3): 225-231.
Abbas F, Mohanna A, Al-Lahham Gh, AL-Jbawi E. Osmotic adjustment in sugar beet plant under salinity stress. Journal of Sugar Beet. 2012, 28(1): 67- 80.
Ahmadi P, Mojab F, Nojavan S. Determine the amount of sterol in pumpkin seed oil. Journal of Medicinal Plants 2006; 23: 72-79.
Amini H, Arzani A, Bahrami F. Seed yield and some physiological traits of safflower as affected by water deficit stress. International Journal of Plant Production 2013; 7(3): 597-614. (in Persian, Abstract in Enghlish)
Ansari AA. Effect of vermicompost and Vermiwash on the productivity of spinach (Spinacia oleracea), onion (Allium cepa) and potato (Solanum tuberosum). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2008; 4(5): 554-557. (in Persian, Abstract in Enghlish)
Azizi M, Rezvani F, Hassanzadeh Khayat M, Lackzian A, Neamati H. The effect of different levels of vermicompost and irrigation on morphological properties and essential oil content of German chamomile (Matricaria recutita) C.V. Goral. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 2008; 24: 82-93. (in Persian, Abstract in Enghlish)
Bewley J. D. Physiological aspects of desiccation tolerance. Annual Review of Plant Physiology  1979; 30: 195-238.
Brnscheuer E, Meyerholz K, Wunderlich KH. Seed production and quality. In: D. A. Cooke, and R. L. Scott (Eds.), The sugar beet crop, science into practice, Chapman & Hall, London. 1995.
Ebrahim SM, Ibrahim AK, Omer AM. Comparative study of the effects of some organic extract on sugar beet yield under saline conditions. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 2012; 6(10): 664-674.
Emam Y, Niknejad M. Introduction. Introduction to the physiology of crop yield. Shiraz University Press. 2011; pp. 570. (in Persian, Abstract in English)
Farshi A, Siadat H, Darbandi S, Ansari MR, Kheirabi J, Mirlotfi M, Salamat A, Sadat Miri MH. rrigation water management on the farm. First Edition. Publications National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, Iran 2003; pp. 76-178. (in Persian, abstract in English)
Haggag WM, Saber MSM. Suppression of early blight on tomato and purple blight on onion by foliar sprays of aerated and non-aerated compost teas. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment 2007; 5: 302-309.
Hesadi P, Fathollah Taleghani D, Shiranirad A, Daneshian J, Jaliliyan A. Selection for Drought Tolerance in Sugar Beet Genotypes (Beta vulgaris L.). Biological Forum- An International Journal. 2015; 7(1): 1189-1204. (in Persian, abstract in English)
Izanloo A, Condon AG, Langridge P, Tester M, Schnurbusch T. Different mechanisms of adaptation to cyclic water stress in two South Australian bread wheat cultivars. Journal of Experimental Botany 2008; 59: 3327-3346. (in Persian, abstract in English)
Jones PD, Lister DH, Jaggard KW, Pidgeon JD. Future climate change impact on the productivity of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) in Europe. Climatic Change 2003; 58: 93-108.
Jovzi M, Zare Abyaneh VH. Effects of nitrogen fertilizer and deficit irrigation on quantitative and qualitative traits of sugar beet. Journal of Sugar Beet 2016; 31(2): 141-156. (in Persian, abstract in English)
Lahoti M, Abbasi F, Tarahomi G. The effect of drought on soluble sugars, chlorophyll and potassium S. leriifolia (Salvia lreiifolia Benth). Journal of Biological Sciences 2010; 3: 1-7.
Liguori L, Pane C, Allbanese D, Celano G, Zaccardelli M, Di Matteo M. Compost and compost tea management of mini watermelon cultivations affects the chemical, Physical and Sensory Assessment of the Fruits. Agricultural Sciences 2015; 6: 117-125.
McGrath JM, Saccomani M, Stevanato P, Biancardi E. Beet. In: C. Kole (Ed.). 2007 Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.
Nemati Darbandi H, Azizi M, Mohammadi S, Karimpor S.  The effect of spraying with different concentrations of vermicompost on morphological traits, yield Dracocephalum Essential Oil. Journal of Horticultural Science2013; 27(4): 411-417.
Noshad H, Abdollahian-Noghabi M, Babaei B. Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorous Application on the Efficiency of Nitrogen Uptake and Consumption in Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.). Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences 2012; 3: 529-539. (in Persian, abstract in English)
Ober E. The search for drought tolerance in sugar beet. British Sugar Beet Review 2001;69(1): 40-43.
Pane C, Piccolo A, Spaccini R, Celano G, Villecco D, Zaccardelli M. Agricultural waste-based composts exhibiting suppressivity to diseases caused by the phytopathogenic soil-borne fungi rhizoctonia solani and sclerotinia minor. Applied Soil Ecology 2013; 65: 43-51.
Pormosavi M, Glui M, Daneshyar J, Ghanbari A, Basirani N. Effect of drought stress and manure on moisture content, the stability of cell membranes and content of soybean leaves. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources 2007; 14: 1-9.
Quaik S, Embrandiri A, Rupani PF, Singh RP, Ibrahim MH. Effect of vermiwash and vermicomposting leachate in hydroponics culture of indian borage (Plectranthus ambionicus) plantlets. 2012. UMT 11th International Annual Symposium on Sustainability Science and Management. 210-214.
Rahbarian P, Afsharmaneshb G, Shirzadic MH. Effects of drought stress and manure on relative water content and cell membrane stability in dragonhead (Dracocephalum moldavica L.). Plant Ecophysiol 2010; 2: 13-19. (in Persian, abstract in English)
Rashtbari M, Alikhani HA. Effect and Efficiency of Municipal SolidWaste Compost and Vermicompost on Morpho-Physiological Properties and Yield of Canola under Drought Stress Conditions.  2012; 113-227. (in Persian, abstract in English)
Samavat S, Lekzian A, Zamirpor A. The effect of vermicompost on the growth of tomato plants. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology 2001; 15(3): 83-89. (in Persian, abstract in English)
Scheuerell SJ, Mahaffee WF. Compost tea: principles and prospects for plant disease control. Compost Science and Utilization 2002; 10: 313-338.
Severino LS, Auld DL. A framework for the study of the growth and development of castor plant. Industrial Crops and Products 2013; 46:25-38.
Sharifi M, Dehghanian SA. Evaluation of root yield and sugar content of new sugar beet hybrid to deficit and optimum irrigation. Journal Sugar Beet. 2015; 30(2): 193-205.
Stevens PT. Nitrogen management and the effects of corn post Tea on organic Irish potato and sweet corn. Thesis faculty of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2008, pp31.
Suhane RK, Sinha RK, Singh PK. Vermicompost, cattle-dung compost and chemical fertilizers: Impacts on yield of wheat crops. Communication of Rajendra Agriculture University, Pusa, 2008. Bihar, India.
Tsialtas JT, Soulioti E, Maslaris N, Papakosta D. Genotypic response to re-growth of defoliated sugar beets after re-watering in a water-limited environment: effects on yield and quality. International Journal of Plant Production 2009; 3(2): 1-18.
Vahedi S, Mesbah M, Yousefabadi V, Amiri R, Bihamta MR, Dehghan Shoar M. Study on the relation between agronomic traits and root morphology and determination of traits affecting root yield and sugar content in monogerm germplasm of sugar beet. Journal of Sugar Beet 2006; 22(2): 19-34. (in Persian, abstract in English)
Valentovic P, Luxova M, Kolarovic L, Gasparikova O. Effect of osmotic stress on compatible solutes content, membrane stability and water relations in two maize cultivars. Plant. Soil and Environment 2006; 52(4): 186-191.
Wu GQ, Liang N, Feng RJ, Zhang JJ. Evaluation of salinity tolerance in seedlings of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) cultivars using proline, soluble sugars and cation accumulation criteria. Acta Physiol. Plant 2013; 35: 2665–2674.
Zaccardelli M, Pane C, Scotti R, Palese AM,  Celano G. Use of compost-tea as bio-agrochemicals and bio-stimulants in horticulture. Italus Hortus 2012; 19, 17-28.